M1. Start meetings.
Start meetings in all for cities in March 2011. Contracts ready in June 2011.
M2. Detailed work plan.
Detailed work plan in June 2011. In practice the work has partly been allocated otherwise.
M3. Midterm: City presentations.
This was later than originally planned, at the workshop in Chişinău in October 2013. On the other hand, material had been sent to the project leader currently.
The project leader has visited the local project groups at several occasions in between: Chişinău in September 2011 and November 2012; Černivci in October 2011, November 2012 and May 2013, L’viv in October 2011, September 2012 and May 2013; Wrocław October 2011 and November 2012.
Eleonora Narvselius and Niklas Bernsand have also visited researchers in L’viv and Černivci. The project leader has met Julie Lienemeyer in Frankfurt am Main November 2012 and Berlin March 2013, in connection with interviews.
M4. City analyses, conclusions.
The city analyses and the conclusions will be made in autumn 2014, by the local participant teams concerning their own cities and by the Lund team, concerning comparing conclusions between the cities. This will be presented at the final conference in Lund in November 2014.
M5. Final conference.
The final conference will be in Lund in November 2014. Guest lecturers and researchers from other relevant research environments will be invited.
M6. Final report.
The final report will be published by the end of spring, 2015.
Below are described the work packages according to the original work program.
In practice, the work has been allocated somewhat different, which is expressed in the disposition of the final report and conference. Below is a survey of the work done within the different original work packages.
WP 1. Management, coordination.
This work is currently going on, mainly accomplished by Bo Larsson and Eleonora Narvselius (concerning interviews and surveys).
WP 2. Theory and method.
Theories and methods for interviews have been worked out, mainly by Eleonora Narvselius and the research teams from the Department of Sociology, Wrocław, and Lvivcenter. This was mainly done in 2012 and used in the interviews and surveys in 2013. Niklas Bernsand has worked with theories and methods for studies of ethnic diversity and memories. Bo Larsson has worked with theories and methods for analysing built environment as reflection of vanished population groups and of urban planning in this context. These theories and methods are not explicitly written down, but they have guided the research work in 2012–2014. In the final report, the theories and methods will be summarized.
WP 3. European context.
Bo Larsson has described this in the program documents. It will be resumed and developed in the introduction to the final report.
WP 4. City history.
Bo Larsson has in 2011-12 written main overviews of the history of the four cities. The main architectural history of the cities was described at the workshop in Chişinău in October 2013, and in preliminary papers, preceding the workshop. The architect teams from the four cities made this from the four cities. Julie Lienemeyer has made special studies of Černivci. General history has been especially described concerning Černivci: Ihor Piddubnyi on inter-war years, Tamara Marusyk on World War II and Holocaust, Vasyl Kholodnyts’kyi on post-war Soviet years and Mykola Kushnir on Jewish history.
A special focus in the project is put on descriptions of the cities and everyday life in the years before World War II. This includes available information on inhabitants, house owners, shops, cafés etc and different enterprises, especially in chosen districts and streets. It also includes what happened in World War II, memories of Holocaust etc, connected with special sites in the cities. This is the core object of the memory studies of today: The city life and environment connected with the vanished population groups.
WP 5. Areas for detailed studies.
In all four cities special districts and streets were chosen in autumn 2011 for detail studies. This has partly been revised during the following, with respect to interviews with old people, having memories from the cities from the 1930s and 1940s. The areas cover the old city centre, certain districts adjacent to the city centre and districts with special connections to the Jewish heritage and to Holocaust memories.
WP 6. The material city.
This work package is in practice overlapping WP 4. With help of old maps the aim has been possible to find out, which buildings that remain from before World War II, which buildings have vanished, and which buildings are erected after World War II. This has been rather easy to do in L´viv and Černivci. In Chişinău, there is a lack of detail maps from before World War II, showing all buildings. Instead, an aerial photo from May, 1944 gives much information, also showing the bombing destruction. The traces of some destroyed buildings had, however, already disappeared in May, 1944. For Wrocław, the information about buildings, destroyed during or after World War II, is still rather weak. An effort will be done, to find more of this information.
WP 7. The social city.
Also this package is in practice overlapping WP 4. Through archive material, old photos and personal memories from old people who lived there in the 1930s and 1940s, it has been possible to reconstruct important aspects of the social city before World War II. Together with statistical information and historic information it is possible to give an overview of the social city before and after World War II, as well as in communist and post-communist year.
WP 8. The functional and mental city.
This work package is in fact a concluding summary of WP4, WP6 and WP7. Conditions in interwar time, communist time and post-communist time will be compared. The functional and characteristic mental aspects of the cities – earlier and now – will also be studied through the interviews (WP 13).
WP 9. Urban planning.
The study includes a short summary of urban planning in the four cities before World war II. More space in devoted to urban planning from the end of World War II until today. This is described by co-operating researchers in the four cities, especially Anatolie Gordeev in Chişinău, Svitlana Bilenkova in Černivci, Vitaliy Shulyar in L´viv and Elzbieta Przesmycka in Wrocław. Bo Larsson makes comparisons between urban planning in the four cities, in relation to the memories of the vanished population groups. Most of the basic work is done 2012-2013, and the comparing analysis must be ready in late summer or early autumn.
WP 10. Preservation of cultural heritage.
Policies and practices of preservation of built cultural heritage are described by local specialists in each city: Tamara Nesterov in Chişinău, Svitlana Bilenkova and Olena Pushkova in Černivci, Marianna Pryjma and Mykola Bevz in L´viv and the whole architect team in Wrocław. This work package is mainly dealt with in spring, summer and early autumn, 2014.
WP 11. Official presentations of the city.
A sample of official presentations of the cities – books, booklets, tourist brochures, film and TV, and at museums are studied and described, in relation to vanished population groups. What is shown and emphasized? What is hidden or forgotten? Bohdan Shumolovych most systematically does this work concerning L´viv. Parts of the research will be made through elite interviews.
WP 12. Memories through literature.
In all cities, literary texts give inputs concerning urban life and historic events in the four cities. This is especially the case in Černivci and L´viv. Concerning Černivci, Petro Rykhlo has made especially deep studies. L´viv and Černivci will be deeper studied in the parallel research project, Literature and Cityscape. Urban Identity in East Central Europe. For Chişinău and Wrocław, WP12 will only be described by a few examples.
WP 13. Memories through interviews.
This work package has grown to be the most extensive of all. It includes surveys among students and a sample of city inhabitants, deep interviews with residents at chosen streets and “elite” interviews with people having some influence of culture, education, development, city presentations, heritage preservation and politics in the four cities.
The interviews have been prepared by the teams from department of sociology in Wrocław, Lvivcenter and Eleonora Narvselius. They have been accomplished by Varvara Buzilă, Iurie Colesnic, Nicolae Misail and Tamara Nesterov in Chişinău, Svitlana Herehova, Svitlana Bilenkova and Niklas Bernsand n Černivci, Andriy Bondarenko, Natalia Otrishchenko, Halina Petryshyn and Eleonora Narvselius in L’viv and Barbara Pabjan, Paweł Czajkowski and Marcelina Zuber in Wrocław. The interviews were made from autumn 2012 to spring 2014, and will be summarized in late spring 2014. Supplying interviews, with old people, having memories from the 1930s and 1940s in the cities, have been made by Bo Larsson and Julia Lienemeyer in 2011-2013.
WP 14. Action groups and local engagement.
The interviews are completed with study of local NGOs and action groups in the for cities, working for memories of vanished population groups and preservation of cultural heritage. In L´viv and Černivci there have been contacts with associations of different ethnic groups. In all four cities there has been contact with Jewish museums.
WP 15. Summary.
The summary with comparisons will be made by the Lund team in autumn 2014, and be presented at the final conference in November.
WP 16. Conclusions and recommendations.
The comparing conclusions will be written by the Lund team in autumn 2014 and discussed at the final conference. They will also give hints and recommendations for future research and for practice concerning memory treatment.
WP 17. Presentation, final report, dissemination.
The project results will be presented and discussed at the final conference in Lund in November 2014. By this conference, inputs to the final report will be written. Immediately after the conference, the final report will be produced, beyond the defined research project time. The aim is to publish the final report incl. appendices before summer 2015. In 2014 a website is established for the project. The main results of the project will be published at the website, which is intended to be maintained a number of years after finishing the project. The project results will also be published in periodicals and reviews.